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Increase the Number of Repository Resources

To continue growing, the repository must continually add content resources. Repositories have tried a number of strategies to encourage faculty to contribute content; evolving content sharing standards enable linking among repositories, to offer users an expanding body of resources.

While The Orange Grove has presented a number of ideas to encourage dissemination and promote use of a repository, getting users to contribute items remains one of the largest challenges facing both institutional and statewide repositories.

In “Towards a Knowledge Lifecycle: Populating Repositories ‘Upstream’” The author points out that, “Even with clear guidelines and easy-to-use online facilities potential contributors have not yet incorporated regular repository deposit into their scholarly workflows.”

One way to encourage deposit of resources is to do everything possible to remove barriers, real or perceived. “Towards a Knowledge Lifecycle” identifies 2 such obstacles astime (deposit as an additional task for busy academics) and the complexity of copyright.“ The time needed to deposit an item is a concern for many faculty members. The Orange Grove has addressed this issue by attempting to make the contribution process as simple as possible. Items are added to the repository via a series of forms which prompt the contributor to fill in the pertinent metadata and other descriptive information.

The copyright issue is more difficult. Faculty members, of course, want to maintain control over their work and intellectual property. They must feel confident that they maintain ownership of their work and that they are not simply giving up ownership of a resource when they deposit it in a repository. Education is really the only way to alleviate these concerns. Creative Commons (http://creativecommons.org/) offers a variety of licenses that people can use to protect their copyright while still allowing others to use the resources for educational purposes.

For example The Orange Grove encourages users to use Creative Commons licensing for items they contribute to the repository. The default copyright for items is the Creative Commons by-sc-na license (Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike). This license specifies that others may “remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. Others can download and redistribute your work…but they can also translate, make remixes, and produce new stories based on your work. All new work based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also be non-commercial in nature.” The Orange Grove also allows users to replace the default copyright statement with one of their choosing (which may be either more or less restrictive on the item’s usage)

Towards a Knowledge Lifecycle: Populating Repositories ‘Upstream’”http://expertvoices.nsdl.org/hatcheck/2008/12/16/towards-a-knowledge-lifecycle-populating-repositories-“upstream/

Creative Commons by-sc-na license (Attribution, Non-Commercial, Share Alike) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

A Project of Florida Distance Learning Consortium Funded by Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE)